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July 15-21, 2013

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Monday, July 15
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Photo
Leonard Bernstein on a U.S. postage stamp
SYNOPSIS:
Bernstein's sabbatical psalms ...

MUSIC PLAYED ON TODAY'S PROGRAM:
Giuseppe Verdi (1913-1901):
Act III excerpt, from Falstaff
soloists; Vienna Philharmonic;
Leonard Bernstein, cond
CBS/Sony 42535
&
Leonard Bernstein (1918-1990):
Chichester Psalms
Camerata Singers;
New York Philharmonic;
Leonard Bernstein, cond.
CBS/Sony 47162

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:
On Bernstein

ALSO ON THIS DATE:
Births:
1921—American composer Jack Beeson, in Muncie, Indiana
1934—English composer Harrison Birtwistle, in Accrington, Lancashire
1949—English composer John Casken, in Barnsley

Deaths:
1789—French composer and harpsichordist Jacques Duphly, age 74, in Paris
1857 —Austrian composer and piano teacher Carl Czerny, age 66, in Vienna
1959 —Swiss-born American composer Ernest Bloch, age 78, in Portland, Oregon

Premieres:
1852 — Spohr: opera "Faust" (2nd version in Italian), in London at Covent Garden
1942 — Villa-Lobos: "Chôros" Nos. 6, 9 and 11, in Rio de Janeiro, conducted by the composer
1945 — Antheil: "Heroes of Today," by the Hollywood Bowl Orchestra, Leopold Stokowski conducting
1965 — Bernstein: "Chichester Psalms" at Philharmonic Hall (now Avery Fisher Hall) by the New York Philharmonic conducted by the composer, with The Camerata Singers and boy alto John Bogart; On July 31, 1965, Bernstein attended the U.K. premiere of this work (performed by a male-only choir) at Chichester Cathedral in England
1988 — John Harbison: Piano Sonata No. 1 ("In Memoriam Roger Sessions"), at the Dorothy Taubman Piano Institute in Amherst, Mass., by pianist Robert Shannon


Tuesday, July 16
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Photo
Wolfgang Mozart
SYNOPSIS:
Theatrical Mozart and Burgon ...

MUSIC PLAYED ON TODAY'S PROGRAM:
Wolfgart Mozart (1756-1791):
The Abduction from the Seraglio
Robert Gambill, tenor;
Vienna Symphony;
Bruno Weil, cond.
CBS/Sony 53500
&
Geoffrey Burgon (1941 - 2010):
Brideshead Revisited
Philharmonia Orchestra;
Geoffrey Burgon, cond.
Silva 1005

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:
On Wolfgang Mozart
On Geoffrey Burgon

ALSO ON THIS DATE:
Births:
1858—Belgian composer, violinist and conductor Eugène Ysaÿe, in Liège
1901—Austrian conductor and composer Fritz Mahler, a nephew of Gustav Mahler, in Vienna; He studied composition with Schoenberg, Berg, and Webern; He emigrated to America in 1936, where he taught at the Juilliard Summer School and conducted the Erie Philharmonic and the Hartford Symphony
1904 —Italian composer Goffredo Petrassi, in Zagarolo (near Rome
1941 —English composer Geoffrey Burgon, in Hambleton, Hampshire
1959 —Scottish composer James MacMillan, in Kilwinning, Ayrshire

Deaths:
1729—Burial date of German composer and lawyer Johann David Heinichen, age 46, in Dresden
1763—French flutist and composer Jacques-Martin Hotteterre, age 89, in Paris

Premieres:
1782 — Mozart: opera "The Abduction from the Seraglio," in Vienna at the Burgtheater
1998 — Carol Barnett: "Meeting at Seneca Falls," for soloists, narrator, and chamber ensemble, at Orchestra Hall in Minneapolis, with Apo Hsu conducting


Wednesday, July 17
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Photo
American composer Libby Larsen
SYNOPSIS:
Water music by Handel and Larsen ...

MUSIC PLAYED ON TODAY'S PROGRAM:
George Frideric Handel (1685-1759):
Water Music
Royal Philharmonic:
Sir Yehudi Menuhin, cond.
MCA 6186
&
Libby Larsen (b. 1950):
Symphony (Water Music)
Minnesota Orchestra;
Sir Neville Marriner
Nonesuch 79147

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:
On Handel's life and works
On Libby Larsen

ALSO ON THIS DATE:
Births:
1832—Swedish composer August Söderman, in Stockholm
1875 —English composer, pianist, and music scholar Sir Donald Tovey, in Eton
1935—American composer and musical satirist Peter Schickele, in Ames, Iowa; He "discovered" and performed the music of P.D.Q Bach (1807-1742?)

Deaths:
1937 —French composer and conductor Gabriel Pierné, age 73, in Ploujean, Brittany
1967—Jazz saxophonist John Coltrane, age 40, in Huntington, Long Island (New York

Premieres:
1717 — Handel: "Water Music" on the river Thames, during a royal barge trip from Whitehall to Chelsea (Gregorian date: July 28)
1927 — Milhaud: opera "L'enlèvement d'Europe" (The Rape of Europa), in Baden-Baden at the Stadthalle
1975 — Sallinen: opera, "The Horseman" at the Savonlinna Opera Festival in Finland
1983 — Sir Lenox Berkeley: Cello Concerto, in Manchester.

Other:
1877 —Otto Dessoff conducts the Vienna Philharmonic on its first concert tour to Salzburg, as part of a three-day "Salzburger Musikfest" (Salzburg Music Festival) on July 17-19; The orchestra would return to Salzburg in 1879, 1891, 1901, 1904, 1906, and 1910, for special concerts, and in 1925 the annual "Salzburg Festival" was established, with the Vienna Philharmonic as the Festival's prominent participant


Thursday, July 18
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Photo
Finnish composer Aulis Sallinen
SYNOPSIS:
Sallinen and Kronos ...

MUSIC PLAYED ON TODAY'S PROGRAM:
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791):
String Quartet No. 17 in Bb
Quartetto Italiano
Philips 422 512
&
Aulis Sallinen (b. 1935):
String Quartet no. 5 (Pieces of Mosaic)
Sibelius Quartet
Ondine 831

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:
On the Kronos Quartet
On Aulis Sallinen

ALSO ON THIS DATE:
Births:
1670—Italian opera composer Giovanni Bononcini, in Modena; In 1720 he joined the Royal Academy of Music in London, where one faction favored Bononcini's works over those by Handel
1821 —French mezzo-soprano PaulineViardot-Garcia; She arranged some of Chopin's mazurkas as songs and performed them with the composer in concert; She also wrote an opera, "La Derniére Sorcière," that was performed in Weimar in 1869, and a chamber opera version of "Cendrillon (Cinderella)" which was performed privately in 1904
1872 —Czech composer Julius Fucik, in Prague; A student of Dvorák's, he composed the famous "circus" march, "Entrance of the Gladiators";
1894 —Dutch-born American composer Bernard Wagenaar, in Arnhem; He was the son of the Dutch composer Johan Wagenaar (1862-1941); He came to the U.S. in 1920, was a violinist with the New York Philharmonic from 1921-23, and in 1927 became a composition teacher at the Juilliard Graduate School
1933—Canadian composer R. Murray Schafrer, in Sarnia, Ontario
1954—American composer Tobias Picker, in New York

Deaths:
1949—Czech composer Vitezslav Novák, age 78, in Skutec, Slovakia

Premieres:
1713 — Handel: "Utrecht Te Deum," in London (Julian date: July 7)
1791 — Cherubini: opera, "Lodoiska, in Paris
1920 — Miaskovsky: Symphony No. 5, in Moscow
1972 — Panufnik: Violin Concerto, in London, with Yehudi Menuhin as soloist
1976 — Stockhausen: multi-media work "Sirius," in Washington, D.C., at the Smithsonian Institute
1984 — Sallinen: String Quartet No. 5 ("Pieces of Mosaic"), at the Kuhmo Festival in Finland, by the Kronos Quartet


Friday, July 19
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Photo
American composer Morton Feldman
SYNOPSIS:
The long and the short of it ...

MUSIC PLAYED ON TODAY'S PROGRAM:
Richard Strauss (1864-1949):
Der Rosenkavalier Suite
Bavarian Radio Symphony;
Lorin Maazel, cond.
BMG/RCA 68225
&
Anton Webern (1883-1945):
No. 4, from Five Pieces for Orchestra, Op. 10
Ensemble InterContemporain;
Pierre Boulez, cond.
Deutsche Grammophon 437 786
&
Morton Feldman (1926-1987): For Philip Guston
S.E.M. Ensemble
Dog w/a Bone 02

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:
On Anton Webern
On Morton Feldman

ALSO ON THIS DATE:
Births:
1906—Norwegian composer Klaus Egge, in Gransherad, Telemark
1913—American composer and pianist Peggy Stuart-Coolidge in Swampscott, Mass.;
1952—English composer Dominic Muldowney, in Southhampton
1965—Scottish composer and percussionist Evelyn Glennie, in Aberdeen

Deaths:
1730—French composer and flutist Jean-Baptiste Loeillet, age 49, in London

Premieres:
1924 — Webern: Six Bagatelles, Op. 9, for string quartet , in Donauschingen (Germany), by the Amar Quartet
1973 — Penderecki: Symphony No. 1 in Peterborough Cathedral by the London Symphony, conducted by the composer
1976 — Richard Wernick: "Visions of Terror and Wonder" for mezzo-soprano and orchestra, at the Aspen Music Festival in Colorado; This work won the Pulitzer Prize for Music in 1977
1996 — John Williams "Summon the Heroes," a six-minute theme for the 1996 Summer Olympics, commissioned by the Atlanta Olympic Organizing Committee

Other:
1942 —Arturo Toscanini conducts the American premiere of Shostakovich's Symphony No. 7 ("Leningrad") on a NBC Symphony broadcast; The world premiere performance by the Bolshoi Theater Orchestra had occurred on March 1, 1942, in Kuybishe, the wartime seat of the Soviet government


Saturday, July 20
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Photo
American composer Aaron Copland
SYNOPSIS:
Music at Watergate ...

MUSIC PLAYED ON TODAY'S PROGRAM:
Aaron Copland (1900-1990):
Rodeo
London Symphony;
Aaron Copland, cond.
Sony Classical 60593
&
William Schuman (1910-1992):
Newsreel
Milwaukee Symphony;
Lukas Foss, cond.
Pro Arte 102

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:
On Copland (at the Library of Congress)
On William Schuman

ALSO ON THIS DATE:
Births:
1872 —French composer Déodat de Severac, in Saint-Félix-de-Caraman, Lauraguais
1908 —Swedish composer Gunnar de Frumerie, in Nacka (near Stockholm

Deaths:
1752—German-born English composer and conductor John Christopher (Johann Christoph) Pepusch, age 85, in London; In 1710 was one of the founding members of the "Academy of Ancient Music," which revived 16th century vocal music; He orchestrated some of the numbers in John Gay's famous "The Beggar's Opera" in 1728

Premieres:
1920 — Stravinsky: "Grande Suite" from the staged work "The Soldier's Tale," in London at Wigmore Hall, with Ernest Ansermet conducting
1924 — Schoenberg: "Serenade" for chamber ensemble, in Donaueschingen, Germany
1942 — Miaskovsky: Symphony No. 23, in Moscow
1958 — Xenakis: "Achorripsis" for 21 instruments, in Brussels
1970 — Morton Feldman: "Mme. Press Died Last Week at Ninety," an orchestral work commemorating his Russian piano teacher, in St. Paul de Venice, France


Sunday, July 21
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Photo
German composer Felix Mendelssohn
SYNOPSIS:
Mendelssohn for Winds ...

MUSIC PLAYED ON TODAY'S PROGRAM:
Felix Mendelssohn (1809-1847):
Overture for Winds, Op. 24
London Symphony;
Cladio Abbado, cond.
DG 423 104

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:
On Mendelssohn

ALSO ON THIS DATE:
Births:
1896—French composer Jean Rivier, in Villemomble

Deaths:
1838—German inventor of the metronome, Johann Nepomuk Maelzel, age 65, on board the brig Otis in the harbour of La Guiara, Venezuela, en route to Philadelphia; Beethoven's orchestral battle-symphony, "Wellington's Victory," was originally written for one of Maelzel's mechanical music-machines

Premieres:
1733 — Handel: oratorio "Athalia," in Oxford (Julian date: July 10)
1938 — Hindemith: ballet, "St. Francis," at Covent Garden in London, with composer conducting (the suite titled "Nobilissima Visone" is drawn from this score)
1971 — William Bolcom: “Frescoes” in Montreal, with Bruce Mather (piano and harmonium) and Pierrette LePage (piano and harpsichord);
1983 — Thomas Oboe Lee: "Morango …almost a tango" for string quartet, at the Sanders Theater in Cambridge, Mass., by the Composers in Red Sneakers ensemble